FEATURES OF A STANDARD REFERENCE BIBLE
The most basic reference Bible commonly has the following features:
1. Cross references
2. Chapter headings and dates
3. A brief concordance and/or dictionary
Usually the concordance in a study Bible is not very helpful because it is so limited, but the cross references are invaluable.
Beyond that, a more complete reference Bible contains many other features, such as the following:
5. Introductions and outlines of the books of the Bible
6. Notes and commentary
7. Topical studies
8. Larger dictionary
9. Larger concordance. The Scofield Bible contains an extensive and very helpful concordance. The Dugan Reference Bible, for instance, contains the complete Cruden’s Concordance.
THINGS TO BEWARE OF ABOUT STUDY BIBLES
1. Study Bibles often Use the Wrong Greek Text and Undependable English Versions. Most of the newer study Bibles are based on undependable English versions and incorporate corrupt readings from the modern critical Greek New Testament. These will have notes that say things such as “oldest and best manuscripts omit this verse” (Matthew 17:21) or “oldest and best manuscripts read he who instead of God” (1 Tim. 3:16). But this is misleading, because what they should say, in the majority of cases, is that one or two or at most a handful of old manuscripts make these changes whereas the vast majority of manuscripts read the same as the Received Greek New Testament underlying King James Bible. The Old Scofield Reference Bible, though based on the King James Bible, contains marginal notes supporting the modern critical text.
2. Study Bibles Can Contain Heretical Notes. Another problem with reference Bibles is that many of them contain false or misleading notes. As with commentaries, the student must be careful to “prove all things” (1 Thess. 5:21) and not merely believe everything that is written.
For example, Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible, edited by Finis Jennings Dake and published in 1961, was written by a Pentecostal, and his theology is reflected in his comments. A pamphlet that accompanies the Bible from the publisher claims that Dake received his teaching by divine revelation. Dake teaches that there was a pre-Adamite world ruled by Lucifer between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2, that healing is guaranteed for the Christian, that tongues are for today, that the believer can lose his salvation, that God has a body, that each member of the Trinity has his own soul and spirit, that God created the races to “reproduce after their kind,” and many other fanciful and false things.
Another example is the New Oxford Annotated Bible, edited by Bruce Metzger and Herbert May. It is filled with heretical modernistic notes. The notes claim that the Pentateuch is “a matrix of myth, legend, and history.” The worldwide flood of Noah’s day is said to be a mere “tradition” based on “heightened versions of local inundations.” The book of Job is called an “ancient folktale.” The book of Isaiah supposedly was written by at least three men. Jonah is called a “popular legend.” The HarperCollins Study Bible is also filled with this type of modernistic comments.
The notes in the New Jerusalem Bible and New American Bible contain Roman Catholic heresies. For example, they say that Matthew 16:18 refers to the pope.
SUGGESTED REFERENCE BIBLES
Following are some of helpful reference Bibles:
Cambridge Concord Wide Margin Bible
It features wide margins on all four sides, cross references, concordance, maps, and 56 blank pages for notes.
KJV Classic Wide Margin Study Bible
This is an Old Scofield Bible with wide margins. It features cross references, a helpful concordance, a chain reference system that follows topics through the Bible, dates of events at the top of each column, paragraph headings, and notes and comments from a dispensational perspective.
The erroneous gap theory is taught in Genesis 1, and there are notes promoting the critical Greek New Testament.
The Thompson Chain Reference Bible
The Thompson has cross references and marginal notes, an analysis of every book of the Bible, extensive topical studies, biographical studies, a harmony of the Gospels, a Bible atlas, and a concordance.
There is very little space to write your own notes, and it is a large Bible and thus difficult to carry. The cross references are linked to the topical system and are not as simple and straightforward as those in other reference Bibles. The Thompson views the book of Revelation as history rather than prophecy.
The King James Study Bible
This is published by Jerry Falwell’s Liberty University and was previously called the Liberty Annotated Study Bible.
It has good cross references, concordance, color maps, a harmony of the Gospels, conservative introductions to each book, doctrinal studies, prophecies, the miracles and parables of Christ, archaeological research proving the accuracy of the Bible, weights and measures, and biographies. The notes are written from a baptistic, non-Calvinist, dispensational, pre-tribulational viewpoint.
There are some critical notes, such as the one at Daniel 3:25, which says, “like the Son of God” - “Or a son of the gods,” or the one at Mark 16:9-20, which says, “Ancient manuscripts contain two different endings for Mark. .. In light of the uncertainty attached to verses 9-20, it may be advised to take care in basing doctrine upon them...”
The KJV Common Man’s Reference Bible
It has 60,000 cross references, dates, 3,000 footnotes and study notes, chapter headings, color maps, and wide margins on all four sides.
Large Print Wide Margin Reference Bible by Hendrickson Publishers
It has a cross references, a concordance, and wide margins on three wides of the text.
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